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Transition finance: Funding the shift to a green economy

Transition finance: Funding the shift to a green economy

Transition finance is one of the most hotly debated topics within sustainable finance. Nordea's Sustainable Finance Advisory team shares its view on the current state of transition finance and where it's headed.

Amid the flood of sustainability-related terminology, much of the recent debate has revolved around transition, referring to the shift to a green economy. As Jacob Michaelsen noted back in 2019, “transitioning in the global economy also requires transition within the financial market,” in order to achieve the ambitious climate goals set forth in the Paris Agreement. Transition finance is industry inclusive (spanning green to brown) and aims to offer especially high-emitting companies financing for the shift towards a climate-neutral, or even positive, status quo.

The International Capital Market Association (ICMA), Climate Bonds Initiative and the EU have provided further guidance for navigating the transition finance market. These resources include the Transition Finance Handbook (ICMA), the Transition Finance Report (EU) and Financing Credible Transitions (Climate Bonds Initiative), the former two of which are expected to be supplemented with updated guidance later this year[1].

A snapshot of the available guidance for transition finance

The Transition Finance Handbook by ICMA provides guidance on transition finance as a whole, in contrast to focusing on one asset class such as “transition bonds.” The Handbook is intended to guide capital markets practitioners on their climate transition pathways, with the utilisation of use-of-proceeds instruments and general corporate purpose instruments aligned to the Sustainability-Linked Bond Principles.

The EU Transition Finance Report, on the other hand, is an advisory report on how the Taxonomy supports the EU’s 2030 and 2050 climate goals and clarifies how companies can voluntarily disclose their level of compliance with the forthcoming EU Green Bond Standard. Lastly, Financing Credible Transitions presents a labelling framework that aims to identify credible transitions aligned with the Paris Agreement.

Current market debate

The need for transition finance in order to reach global climate goals is indisputable. However, there isn’t a shared consensus around the terminology and  instruments needed within the capital markets to reach those goals.

Transition bonds continue to be characterised as confusing and short-lived in the years to come. In contrast, sustainability-linked bonds (SLBs)[2], despite being a relative newcomer to the market, have continued to gain popularity, especially among companies with set climate targets. Notably, 62% of issued SLBs have had greenhouse gas emission reduction targets in place, highlighting the maturity of and heightened focus on climate-related topics under the “sustainability umbrella.”[3]

Pie chart showing: Share of KPIs among Sustainability-Linked Bonds

Sustainability-linked bonds, despite being a relative newcomer to the market, have continued to gain popularity, especially among companies with set climate targets.

While transition finance is crucial, the nascent market is still awaiting harmonized and standardized market practises in order to tackle concerns such as “transition washing.” SLBs are expected to supersede transition bonds, while conventional use-of-proceeds bonds, such as green bonds, continue to offer transition possibilities.

We see SLBs as the superior instrument in the transition finance space. They allow companies to not only communicate their transition ambitions to stakeholders but to convey their sustainability agendas more broadly to society as a whole.

[1] The ICMA annual conference in June 2021 is expected to include further guidance on cross-referencing in connection to the Green Bond Principles (GBPs) and Sustainability-Linked Bond Principles (SLBPs).

[2] Sustainability-linked instruments allow issuers to tie sustainability-related targets on a broader level (encompassing the whole sustainability agenda including several targeted themes) to focused areas (such as climate action or social issues such as gender diversity) that they want to communicate to stakeholders.

[3] Climate targets are more often externally set, verified and annually reported, compared to other sustainability KPIs.


Jacob Michaelsen, Head of Nordea Sustainable Finance Advisory


Jacob Michaelsen, Head of Nordea Sustainable Finance Advisory



Stella Maria Mylläri


Stella Maria MylläriNordea Sustainable Finance Advisory



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